This is the native land of Genghis Khan and contains many important historical and cultural sites. Khan Khentii is covered with forests, taiga, and mountain forest steppe. It is the land described in The Secret History of Mongols, a literary monument of the nation, and is a protected area located northeast of the capital city. Khan Khentii Mountain National Park is one of the Mongolian natural and historical treasures, declared by UNESCO as a world heritage site.
Ancestor’s Wall is located in 45km southwest of Batshireet soum. The wall is approximately 3 feet wide, 8-10 feet high and 4.78 miles in length. It is thought to have been built in the 13th century and remains in remarkable condition to this day. The archeologists believe that Ancestor’s Wall may be a burial place of great Mongolian figures, such as Genghis or Kubilai Khan. A Mongolian-American joint expedition team “Genghis Khan” discovered approximately 60 tombs near the wall in 2003-2005.
For his 800th birthday, a statue of Genghis Khan was erected in 1962 at Deluun Boldog. This place is believed to be the great khan’s birthplace, close to what is today Dadal soum, an attractive wooded area in the Northwest Khentii region.
At this place in 1189, a ceremony was held conferring the title of Genghis Khan to the young Temuujin who thus became the King of the Mongols. Not far from the lake is a trace from the 15 meter wide ger that was Genghis’ dwelling. The land around the lake is a region of taiga forest zone and a vast depression surrounding mountain ranges.
It was considered to be the Mongolian version of the Tibetan Utai and Gumben monasteries. The monastery with a foundation stone laid in 1784, and finished in 1813, used to be one of the bigger religious centers of Khalkh Mongol with about 800 monks. Baldan Bereeven monastery was later destroyed leaving foundational ruins. On the rocky hills surrounding the monastery, you will view religious paintings and art work. We will explore the ruins and meet the monks and carpenters who are now in the process of restoring the monastery.
This is dry steppe, unspoiled by man. In 1992 a Strictly Protected Area of 5,704 sq.km. was declared, primarily to safeguard an example of the last, large undisturbed steppe ecosystem in the World, and protect one of the greatest wildlife sights in Central Asia, the massive herds of Mongolian Gazelle (some 1.5 million gazelles). The reserve is in two parts: Menengiin Tal and Lagiin Khooloi.
The site Ikh Aurug (palace) of Genghis Khan is on this plain. This site is closely connected with the historical work “The Secret History of the Mongols” because it was finished exactly here. To honor the 750th anniversary of this event, a historic monument was erected at this place in 1990.