The Gobi is a large desert region in Asia. It covers parts of northern and northwestern China, and of southern Mongolia. The desert stretches about 3,000 mi/4,830 km along both sides of the Chinese border. This desert is the fifth largest in the World. The Gobi Desert is the source of many important fossil finds, including the first dinosaur eggs. The desert basins of the Gobi are bounded by the Altai Mountains and the grasslands and steppes of Mongolia on the north. Desert is often imagined as a lifeless desert, similar to African deserts. In reality, most part of the Gobi Desert is a land of steppes and many camel breeders inhabit this zone as rich in wildlife and vegetation. It has herds of Bactrian camels (with two humps), wild horses and donkeys, as well as leopards, mountain sheep and ibexes. There is a lot of variety within the Gobi Desert, from wildlife parks and mountains to canyons with dramatic rockfaces. Once the site of an ancient inland sea, the area has dried up and then eroded over the eons, providing paleontologists with magnificent specimens of dinosaur fossils. The Mongolian say that there are 33 different Gobi from which sandy desert occupies 30% of the total area. The Mongolian Government established the Great Gobi desert Strictly Protected Area in 1975 and the United Nations designated in 1991 the Gobi desert as fourth largest Biosphere reserve in the World. The climate of the Gobi is one of great extremes, combined with rapid changes of temperature, not only through the year but even within 24 hours. Average winter minimals are a frigid -40 °C (-40 °F) while summertime temperatures are warm to hot, highs range up to 50 °C (122 °F).
Eagle valley (Yol Am )
Yoliin am is the narrow canyon of a river which flows through Zuun Saikhan Mountain, 62 kilometers north-west of Dalanzadgad town, the center of South Gobi province. It has been protected since 1965.
The valley’s remnant streams create ice formations which you may find in the mouth of the valley as late as July. The mountains surrounding the valley also provide habitat for Argali wild sheep (one of the last wild great horned sheep) and ibex, which may be spotted in the early morning as they walk along the mountain ridges. Following the canyon to the high rock walls has breathtaking dramatic scenery, and no doubt is one of the most beautiful places in the country. Museum at the entrance of the valley.
Khongor Sand Dine (Khongoryn Els)
A Mongolian largest sand dune named Khongoryn Els has an extraordinary length of 180 kilometers and 15-20 meters wide reaching a height of 800 meters in some highest areas lies on the northern part of the mountains of Sevrei and Zuulun. The huge sand dune is part of desert zone which takes up 2.7 % of the country’s territory. There is an oasis near Khongor River at the northern edge of the sand dune. The dunes make sounds like plane engines in a windy day so it has been named as “Singing Dunes”.
Flaming Cliffs (Bayanzag)
Bayanzag, site of some most important paleontological discoveries, where Roy Chapman Andrews, the famous American paleontologist, and his expedition discovered in 1923 the first nest of dinosaur eggs the world had ever seen. Till present time, paleontologists from all over the world continue to discover unique paleontological foundlings at this rich site.